M92 - Globular Cluster in Hercules

M92_LRGB_FSQ

M92 - Globular Cluster in Hercules
Mag 6.4 RA 17:17 Dec +43 08
14 arcminutes in diameter
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From SEDS.ORG:

Discovered 1777 by Johann Elert Bode.

Globular cluster M92 is one of the original discoveries of Johann Elert Bode, who found it on December 27, 1777. Charles Messier independently rediscovered it and cataloged it on March 18, 1781, the same day as he cataloged another 8 objects, all of them Virgo Cluster galaxies (M84-M91). It was William Herschel who first resolved it into stars in 1783.

According to newer sources, M92 is about 26,000 light years distant, only little more than its brighter apparent neighbor M13. From its HRD (or CMD), it may be a bit younger than M13 as its turnoff point is shifted to the brighter and bluer end. A semi-recent estimate of M92's age has given a value of about 16 billion years (anyway more than 14 billion years), see e.g. the diagram in Sky & Telescope, January 1996, p. 22 (text on p. 20). However, this value is now again under discussion because of the general modifications of the distance scale of the universe, implied by results of ESA's astrometrical satellite Hipparcos: These results suggest that M92, as well as most other globular clusters, may be at a 10 per cent larger distance; therefore, the intrinsical brightness of all their stars must be about 20 % higher. Considering the various relations which are important for understanding stellar structure and evolution, they should also be roughly 15 % younger, in a preliminary off-hand estimate (or about 12-14 billion years). 

M92 is a splendid object, visible to the naked eye under very good conditions and a showpiece for every optics. It is only slightly less bright but about 1/3 less extended than M13: its 14.0' angular extension corresponds to a true diameter of 109 light years, and may have a mass of up to 330,000 suns.

M92 is approaching us at 112 km/sec.

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ST-10XME and CFW8a Astrodon LRGB
Takahashi FSQ on my AP900GTO
Luminance 25 x 4 min = 100 min
RGB 4 x 5 min per channel = 30 min / channel (lost some channels due to guiding)
Darks, Flats and alignment in CCDSoft5
Combined in Maxim 's using sigma-clip
Colour combines, Levels and Curves in PS CS2

Click on the image to see a larger version.

Flesherton, Ontario
June 9/10 2007

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